Cirrhosis is the irreversible scarring, due to excessive consumption of alcohol or a viral infection like hepatitis C, of the liver. This usually happens during the end stages of severe liver disorders. The normal tissue of the liver is destroyed when cirrhosis occurs, and fibrous scarred tissue replaces it. This causes permanent damage to the liver and hinders the normal functions of nutralizing toxins, fighting infections, processing amino acids and glucose in the blood, controlling fat levels, and also processing food that is already digested.
There are no initial symptoms and the person may not be aware of the cirrhosis, however when the symptoms do show up there will be extreme tiredness, itchy skin, nausea, loss of weight and appetite and jaundice. Cirrhosis brings on a complete liver failure, cancer of the liver, severe malnutrition and high blood pressure which occurs in the veins of the gullet and makes them very delicate and even bleeds because of this.
This affects men who are over 40 years of age who have a serious drinking problem and succumb to over indulgence in alcohol. To try and prevent this and safeguard one's self from this dreadful disease, one should get immunized against hepatitis of the A and B type; stay away from injecting themselves with drugs that are illegal; avoid getting hepatitis B by practicing safe sex and consume only safe quantities of alcohol.
This is an irreversible condition and with this in mind the person should avoid any kind of risk to worsen the condition. The treatment given is usually for the underlying cause and the person has to lead a healthy life style to prevent further deterioration in their condition. It is best to avoid consumption of alcohol at any cost. In case of liver failure the patient can be considered for a liver transplant. In a liver transplantation the liver which is diseased is removed surgically and a healthy liver from a donor replaces it. The survival rates of those who have been through a liver transplant are quite good and at least 80% to 90% come through the liver transplant. Tacrolimus and Cyclosporine are two new wonder drugs which are used to suppress the body's natural immune system and avoid the new liver being damaged and attacked by it. Research is being conducted to find a way to reverse the scarring of tissue which is brought on by cirrhosis of the liver.
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